Pearl Harbor Day: 'A date which will live in infamy'


The day after the assault, President Franklin Roosevelt addressed Congress, asking for a declaration of warfare on the Empire of Japan. It is likely one of the most iconic speeches in American historical past, and is printed right here as we speak in its entirety.

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate, and of the Home of Representatives:

Yesterday, December seventh, 1941—a date which can stay in infamy—the USA of America was instantly and intentionally attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The USA was at peace with that nation and, on the solicitation of Japan, was nonetheless in dialog with its authorities and its emperor wanting towards the upkeep of peace within the Pacific.

Certainly, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing within the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to america and his colleague delivered to our secretary of state a proper reply to a current American message. And whereas this reply said that it appeared ineffective to proceed the prevailing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no menace or trace of conflict or of armed assault.

It is going to be recorded that the space of Hawaii from Japan makes it apparent that the assault was intentionally deliberate many days and even weeks in the past. In the course of the interim, the Japanese authorities has intentionally sought to deceive america by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

The assault yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has brought on extreme injury to American naval and army forces. I remorse to inform you that very many American lives have been misplaced. As well as, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the excessive seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.

Yesterday, the Japanese authorities additionally launched an assault towards Malaya.

Final night time, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.

Final night time, Japanese forces attacked Guam.

Final night time, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.

Final night time, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.

And this morning, the Japanese attacked Halfway Island.

Japan has, subsequently, undertaken a shock offensive extending all through the Pacific space.

The details of yesterday and right now converse for themselves. The individuals of america have already shaped their opinions and properly perceive the implications to the very life and security of our nation.

As commander in chief of the Military and Navy, I’ve directed that each one measures be taken for our protection. However all the time will our entire nation keep in mind the character of the…



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