LAIKIPIA, Kenya — The 2 elders, sporting climate-crushed cowboy hats with the strings cinched underneath their chins, stood on the fringe of an empty farm, masking their mouths in disbelief.
Their houses — neat picket cabins — had been smashed open. All their cattle had been stolen. So had their chickens. Home after home stood vacant, with out one other soul round. It was as if some big pressure had barreled into the village and swept away all of the life.
Sioyia Lesinko Lekisio, one of many elders, had no doubts who did this. Swarms of herders from one other county had invaded, attacking any farm or cattle ranch of their path, huge or small, stealing livestock, ransacking houses and capturing individuals with excessive-powered assault rifles.
“There’s nothing we will do about it,” he stated. “They need our land.”
Kenya has a land drawback. Africa itself has a land drawback. The continent appears so huge — however in a method, that’s an phantasm.
Inhabitants swells, local weather change, soil degradation, erosion, poaching, international meals costs and even the advantages of affluence are exerting unimaginable strain on African land. They’re fueling conflicts throughout the continent, from Nigeria within the west to Kenya within the east — together with right here in Laikipia, a wildlife haven.
Giant teams of individuals are on the transfer, determined for usable land. Knowledge from NASA satellites reveals an awesome degradation of agricultural land all through Africa, with one current research displaying that greater than forty million Africans try to outlive off land whose agricultural potential is declining.
On the similar time, excessive birthrates and lengthening life spans imply that by the top of this century, there might be as many as four billion individuals on the continent, about 10 occasions the inhabitants forty years in the past.
It’s a two-headed drawback, scientists and activists say, and it could possibly be one of many gravest challenges Africa faces: The standard of farmland in lots of areas is getting worse, and the variety of individuals squeezed onto that land is rising quick.
“It’s a looming disaster,” stated Odenda Lumumba, head of the Kenya Land Alliance, a gaggle that works on land reform. “We’re principally reaching the top of the street.”
Greater than in another area of the world, individuals in Africa stay off the land. Seventy % of Africa’s inhabitants makes a dwelling by means of agriculture, larger than on…